During the periodical examinations we set off time to conudct removal of dental plaque, tartar and discolouration. Dental plaque is a buildup of bacteria and residual food that covers the teeth. This is what we try to remove when we brush and floss our teeth.
Tartar or calculus occurs when the buildup of dental plaque hardens and calcifies. There is always a great deal of bacteria in the tartar as it is, in essence, hardened bacteria and their by-products.
Tartar cannot be removed using a toothbrush at home and special instruments are required. Failure to remove tartar can lead to infection of the gums and an unpleasant odor.
The cleaning is conducted for hygienic purposes as well as aesthetical. If there is a large amount of buildup that can be time-consuming to remove, we will sometimes book an extra hour.
Removal of tartar is not especially painful, but since the tartar often settles into the crevices between the teeth and gums, there is always a possibility of uninteded contact between the gums and our instruments.
Some may experience discomfort during the cleaning. This is often due to the tartar having hardended a great deal and thus leading to the gums becoming inflamed and swollen. If you take care to brush and clean between your teeth prior to your appointment, the discomfort will be lessened.
We use a variety of instruments when removing tartar. We have the usual handheld instruments, but we also use EMS. EMS is a gentle treatment that uses ultrasound and water to remove tartar through tiny vibrations which causes the tartar to break up.
Air Flow is an effective and painless method for removing debris and discolourations. Air Flow works by projecting a jet og compressed air, salt water and sodim bicarbonate.
Snus, cigarettes, coffee, tea, red wine and spicy food all contribute to discolouring of your teeth. This is removed gently with Air Flow and leaves your teeth smoother, cleaner and whiter.
The jet from the Air Flow nozzle is precise but has a small degree of proliferation which may cause some bleeding if the gums are inflamed and swollen. Any bleeding is superficial and does not last for long.
We also make our own polishing paste containing toothpaste, glycerol, chlorhexidine and pumice. This paste removes superficial discolouration when used in combination with out rotating brushes and rubber cups.
We use a Nd-YAG laser as a supplement to conventional cleaning. The Nd-YAG laser har a longer wavelength that regular light, which means that it is not ionizing (cancerogenic) and the energy is not absorbed by the dark pigments. Nd-YAG laser is believed to change the prevalence of bacteria in the gum pockets as the light selectively kills dark pigmented bacteria often assosciated with diseases in the gums. Laser treatment of the gums in itself is not enough, but we have many patients responding very well to this treatment combined with conventional cleaning.